MUNICIPALITY OF MALEVIZI

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    Dear Scandinavian friends,

    We welcome you in the Municipality of Malevizi. We would like to participate in the competition for the best culture destination.

    Malevizi, History – Culture 

    The wider area of ​​the Municipality of Malevizi, located in the center of Crete, with fertile plains, easy accessible mountains and reachable beaches that offer safe anchorage to ships, has been, over time, a suitable place to live for the inhabitants of the island.

    The main archaeological site of the area is the ancient Tylisos, an organized archaeological site in our days, which was likely first populated in the Early Bronze Age (3000-2100 BC). Most of the ruins belong to the era of the peak of the Minoan palatial period (1700- 1450 BC) and the three surviving houses retain many of the features of Minoan palatial architecture and luxury. However, Tylisos, which still retains its name from prehistoric times to the present, is a real palimpsest of different eras and cultures: from the early Bronze Age to the Greek times, where a strong City-State existed, till today.

    Another important place of Malevizi in approximately the same era was the town of Agia Pelagia, which was developed as the main port of the region already since the Middle Bronze Age (2100-1900). For the following periods, when the city gains more power, the location was identified as the ancient city of Apollonia. The most remarkable remains of this city, Prytanio, Andrio and Vouleuterion belong to the Hellenistic Age (323-30 BC). In recent years, on land belonging to the Municipality, a cemetery of the Archaic-Classical-Hellenistic period (8th - 1st  century BC) was discovered and explored.

    A publicly accessible archaeological site is also the known as the Sklavokambos Mansion in Gonies. It belongs to the category of the Minoan "Mansions", which were the seat of local officials who controlled particular regions of Crete, in the name of the decentralized by that time, palatial power of the Neopalatial period (1700-1450 BC).

     Important archaeological sites are still the ones in Kastrokefala Rodia and Krousonas, which are characteristic fortified settlements of the troubled Postpalatial period (1300 BC - 1100 BC), during which people found shelter in isolated mountainous places.

     A special role for the wider region in its era has the Postpalatial sanctuary in Bairia Gazi, from where the famous clay figurines of a Minoan goddess with the raised arms, which are exhibited in the Heraklion Museum, come from.

    The majority of the settlements of the Municipality belong in the 2nd Byzantine Period (961 AD - 1204 AD). The preserved ecclesiastical monuments of the time, among them the monastery of Eleousa in Kitharida, and Kera in Tylisos (10th and 11th century) provide evidence of that era. Traces of earlier monuments, such as the Basilicas of Fodele and Loutraki, can be found in the foundations of the later temples.

     The main ecclesiastical monuments of Malevizi belong to the Byzantine and Post Byzantine period. Each settlement has one or more Christian temples, which are today important sightseeing for the visitor. The monastery complexes of the area, such as Panagia Kavalaras in Korfes, Eleousa in Kitharida, Agia Pelagia in the homonymous settlement, as well as Agia Irini in Krousonas, Agios Panteleimon in Fodele, Savvatiani Monastery in Rodia etc. are also very important.

     In the years of Venetian domination, Malevizi is supervised by powerful Venetian fortresses. Malvicino or Malvesin in Keramoutsi, and of course Palaiokastro in the homonymous settlement, had a prominent defensive role during the 20-year siege of Candacas by the Ottomans.

    The Ottoman period in Malevizi (1669-1898) is documented today by the numerous fortress complexes of the Ottoman rulers. Most important are those in the highlands of the Fodele region (Kefala, Koprokefala, Kokkinos Pyrgos, etc.). A well-preserved monument of the Ottoman era is the "Koumbes" complex, a few kilometers before Tylisos, which served as an inn usually for the overnight stay of the visitors of the Great Castle of the time. Important are also the remains of houses of that period throughout the area of ​​the Municipality and of course the numerous fountains of the time that are preserved in almost every settlement of the Municipality of Malevizi.

    The craft trade buildings of the same era, used till the last decades are remnants of the pre-industrial era of Crete. Some examples of these buildings are the old cheese dairies (Krousonas, Gonies), the olive factories with restored buildings in Sarchus, Keramoutsi and the grinding mills, watermills and windmills, with more significant the ones being restored in Krousonas, Sarhos, Tylisos and Gonies.

    Also worth mentioning are the famous wine crushers and wine-presses, for the production of wine. Mainly found in the vineyards across the Municipality, they are an undeniable proof of the centuries long wine-growing and wine-making tradition that flourishes in Malevizi, from antiquity to middle ages – with the famous “Malvazia wine” – until today.

    Museum infrastructure:

    An important part of the archaeological findings of the Municipality of Malevizi are displayed in the Archaeological Collection of Malevizi, along with objects of the former private collection of Nicholas Metaxas, which is housed in a specially designed, allocated by the Municipality, place in the Town Hall of Gazi.

    At the Malevizion Municipal Art Gallery in Tylisos, the visitor can see important exhibitions related to the history of the area as well as the contemporary artistic production.

    In Fodele, on the initiative of the Greek state, operates since the 1980s, the Memorial Museum Domenikos Theotokopoulos, who according to the tradition was born there.

    The "Art Gallery of Yannis Klinakis", which houses a significant part of the works of the homonymous sculptor, as well as dozens of artworks by another great sculptor Christos Capralos, operates in Marathos.

    We would love if you vote us!!! 

     

    The Mayor of Malevizi

    Kostas Mamoulakis


GOLD SPONSOR

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UNDER THE AUSPICES

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